India released early numbers from its new census late last month, while China released its provisional numbers Thursday. Here’s a comparison of some key numbers from the world’s two most populous nations:
China: 1,339,724,852 India: 1,210,193,422
The difference: Almost 130 million. But because India is growing so much faster than China (see below), it is expected to become the world’s most populous nation in another two decades.
China: 73.9 million (5.84%) India: 181 million (17.64%)
MEN PER 100 WOMEN
China: 105 India: 106
China (0-14): 222,459,737 India (0-6): 158,789,287
The youth population numbers aren’t directly comparable yet but it’s clear even from this data that India’s 0-14 population is higher than China’s. Indian projections from 2006 suggested that population would be around 346,942,000. The actual numbers may be a little higher than that since the project put India’s 2011 population at 1,192,507,000, lower than it turned out to be. Some experts are saying that it’s now time for China to reverse its one-child policy.
China: 95.92 India: 74.04
Find more data on the Web site of the Indian census or at the English-language version of China’s National Bureau of Statistics.