Indian Americans are the largest Asian American population group in most of the largest metropolitan areas in the United States, according to 2010 Census data. (See table below)
Metro areas are an important benchmark, because spending by federal and state governments, regional agencies, foundations and advertisers are often based on metro boundaries.
Indian Americans are the largest Asian group in six of the 10 largest metro areas in the U.S. Metro areas where Indians had more residents than any other Asian group in 2010, with the national rankings by population size of metro areas in parentheses, are: Chicago (3), Dallas (4), Philadelphia (5), Washington, D.C. (7) Miami (8) and Atlanta (9).
Chinese are by far the largest Asian population group in the two largest metro areas – New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (1) and Los Angeles-Long Beach (2) – and in the Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (10) metro area. Vietnamese are the largest Asian group in the Houston (6) metro area.
The New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island metro area had 526,133 Indian Americans in 2010, about 18.5 percent of the nation’s total of 2,843,391 Indian Americans, called Asian Indians by Census Bureau data.
The two metro areas where Indian Americans constitute the highest percentage of their metro area’s total population are: San Jose-Sunnyvale-Santa Clara, Cailf., where 117,711 Indian Americans make up 6.4 percent of the total population of 1,836,911; and Yuba City, Calif., where Indians number 10,947 of the total population of 166,892, a 6.6 percent share. About 59 percent of the 18,525 Asian American residents in the Yuba City metro area are Asian Indians.
Two areas where Indian Americans are surprisingly dominant among the Asian American population overall are the Chicago and Washington, D.C., metro areas.